Granite Land

An Exhibit of Photographs by Jenny Leathes, ARPS, MA 1960-2014 Saturday, March 14- March 28, 10 am-4pm Helston Museum Jenny Leathes was an extraordinary woman with a passion for life and all it offered. She was a mountaineer, skier, sailor, cyclist and marathon runner, and a photographer with a drive to document the world around her. Her photos of granite in Cornwall, along The Tinner's Way, and elsewhere are a testament to her keen eye for detail in the world she chose to live in.

Her body of work includes her documentation of the River Dart from its source to outflow, as well as the studies of lichens and vegetation on Dartmoor.

Jenny died last year, after a long battle with cancer, and this exhibit is both a memorial to her life, and a tribute to her passion for recording her world.

Come and view this exhibit, view it with wonder, and capture a little of the essence of her work. We hope it will inspire everyone to see the world with new eyes, to absorb a little of the sense of wonder with which she explores the landscapes of her life.

You done good, Jenny. Rest in peace.

Jenny bequeathed her archives to the Hypatia Trust, and we at the Trust are privileged to sponsor this exhibit as a personal and professional tribute to a master of her art.

'Granite Land' by Jenny Leathes can be found in the Hypatia Bookshop.

Dreadnought Southwest's new Production!

Dreadnought Southwest’s new production! As we approach the general election, Dreadnought South West Association is going on the road with a new play - 'The Orchard' - starting in Redruth on 2nd March.

Part of the Rebellious Sounds project, which is looking at stories around women's activism across the South West, 'The Orchard' imagines a meeting between Millicent Fawcett and Emmeline Pankhurst, the moderate and the radical, and explores what happens when opposing political forces come together.

Dreadnought will host a series of unique Œscratch¹ performances of 'The Orchard' across the region. These scratch performances are similar to script-in-hand or rehearsed readings of the material so far, and Dreadnought is inviting audiences to have their say in this pre-election time and to add their voices to the creative process through lively Q&A sessions and debates on the issues contained in the play; the importance of using the vote, democracy, equality, women¹s voices and the paradoxes of leadership.

Nine million women did not use their vote in the last UK general election in 2010. What will happen this May?

As well as the performances, there will be a series of free workshops and events taking place - details of which will go up on the website soon ( - but I have attached the e-flyer for your information. Please feel free to share widely!


Hypatia Trust and The Friends of the Morrab Gardens: Joint project

Hypatia-in-the-Gardens: A partnership project between the Friends of the Morrab Gardens & The Hypatia Trust Objectives:

  • To re-vitalize & make operational the Old Stables of Morrab House, Morrab Gardens, Penzance, Cornwall for:
  • Educational & creative projects in horticulture, natural history and botanics for all ages: an open air laboratory for citizen science
  • Development & maintenance of green-spaces for public benefit
  • Provision of an administrative unit and research library for two civic societies: The Friends of the Morrab Gardens and The Hypatia Trust.

Hello Guys 'n' Dolls

Words in the Air poetry app

Update for National Poetry Day, October 2014 Words in Air App

Words in Air is a new app that offers you a unique way into poetry: poetry-in-place, in the palm of your hand. Enjoy a poem instantly, on the very spot which sparked its creation. Discover new poems — and poets. Re-discover familiar places through a poem. See which poem was inspired by a place nearest to you, across the UK. Stand in the place where these poets stood, and gain a deeper insight into the poem, and the place. Words in Air will pinpoint the place for you that sparked each poem. Visit, virtually and for real, to gain a deeper understanding of the creative process, through the revealing relationship between poetry and place.

The app also features Cornish poets. See Words in Air on the iTunes store, or read our summary of the app from 2013.

There will be a new poetry group forming for 2015 at Trevelyan House, Penzance and online - please be in contact if you are interested in joining, locally or from a distance.

Download a PDF demonstration of this app.

Rotary Ramble - finished!

Thank you to all who generously sponsored me on the recent Rotary Club Ramble. The weather was excellent - sunny, warm, with a nice breeze, and the views of the coast and cliffs were stunning. I completed the walk in two and a half hours, and staggered in at the end, hot and sticky, thirsty, and with sore feet. However, on the plus side, I saw three Clouded Yellow butterflies, and one Grizzled Skipper Butterfly, as well as a good assortment of birds. So thank you to all who sponsored me, and to the Rotary Club of Penzance for organising the Ramble (with Marshalls and drinks of water, and directional arrow notices at crucial points.) Your generosity raised over two hundred Pounds  for Hypatia, and just over 50 pounds for the Rotary Club. Thank you!! We will be using the funds raised to hold the one-year memorial Exhibit of Jenny Leathes work, combined with a workshop for students on the importance of various aspects of science in our lives.

Hypatia Trust Sponsored Walk 2014

Cornish Clifftops

cctbn-donatenowsafeandsecureHelp us encourage students to document the world around them. Through a sponsored walk in September 2014 we are hoping to raise enough money to buy some digital cameras for use in a workshop for students in the spring. The workshop will focus on the importance of documentation in any scientific or academic project.

The students will be asked to take the cameras for a week, and to document something to illustrate a theory, an aspect of climate change, a snapshot of flora in Cornwall as it is currently, or any specific thesis that intrigues them. Their work will be pulled together at the end of the week at the culmination of the upcoming Jenny Leathes Photographic exhibit to be held March 13-22, 2015, at the Helston Museum.

The walk takes place in September, and a couple of members will be walking 7.5 miles in aid of the Hypatia Trust. The walk is organized by the Rotary Club of Penzance, and will be taking place along the cliffs and footpaths, and the weather, of course, will be perfect.

For those who would like to sponsor Polly Attwood, please donate via our campaign page on Charity Choice and help us reach our target.

75% of the money raised will go to Hypatia, and 25% to the Rotary Club for the charities that they support.

If you prefer, you can also support us by sending a cheque, made out to ‘The Hypatia Trust’, and sent to the Hypatia Trust, 16 Chapel St, Penzance, TR18 4AW

Any donations towards the mounting of this exhibit, or towards the workshop would be most gratefully appreciated!

Click here to Donate

Jenny Leathes, photographer and artist, died on April 12.

It is with great sadness that we report the death of Jenny Leathes. Jenny was an extraordinary woman, talented, vibrant, courageous and an inspiration to all who knew her. Our thoughts and prayers go to her family and all those who were close to her. When it became obvious that her cancer was winning the battle, and that she did not have much time left, Jenny decided to bequeathe all her archives and remaining work to the Hypatia Trust, so that her work would find a suitable home. We plan an exhibition of her work for next spring, as a memorial tribute to her and the amazing life that she led. We also have her book, 'Granite Land' in our online bookshop for any who have not yet had the opportunity to acquire a copy. Jenny's driving curiosity and attitude of wonder at the world around her took her on many journeys and she has recorded the sights and intricacies of that world in her work. We will all miss her and her talent for seeing the world in a new and exciting way. Her studies of Dartmoor are unprecedented, and her skill with the camera is a gift for all of us. Rest in Peace, Jenny - You done good.

A 19th Century Hypatia - Elizabeth Catherine Thomas Carne (1817-1873)

E Carne portraitDuring the 200th birthday celebrations of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall, its first woman member (c. 1860) was celebrated. Melissa Hardie took this bi-centennial occasion to present a study of Elizabeth C T Carne and her scientific and artistic circle of relatives and associates. A local and national celebrity in her own time, Carne has all but dropped off the pages of history and documentation in ours. She is set to be re-introduced into the annals of social ecology and natural history.

Transactions Vol XXIII, Part I is available now from our bookshop at the cover price of £10.

Rug Exhibit at Archie Brown’s

Rug Women exhibition at Archie Browns Café, Penzance  

This exhibit is on display at Archie Brown’s on Bread Street in Penzance. Who are these women? Mesdames Myrtles is the name of the group of women seated in front of their rugs, created to recognise and celebrate the work of women in Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly. The Myrtles joined with the Hypatia Trust’s History 51 Project to highlight the often untold and unremembered history of women in the Duchy. They researched and found evidence of the lives of those women, and depicted them in hooked rugs. They had all joined the rug-hooking group to rediscover and preserve the ancient art of rug-hooking, and have added a new dimension to the craft by using it to illustrate the lives of those women who are our forebears.

So, what, exactly?...

From left to right, we have:

Brigitte Kaufhold, and above her is a depiction, in a hooked rug, of’ Mary’, with the words on her apron:

Every Thursday, Mary loaded her jingle in Pendeen with eggs, butter and cream, and set off for Penzance market.

The detail achieved in these rugs is amazing.

Next in line is Sue Dove, with her illustration of ‘Miss Myrtle, the Governess’. She is the only figure not wearing an apron, letting the world know that she was not a domestic worker.

Third from the left is Dr. Tehmina Goskar, Project Manager for History 51, sitting in for Pat Sales, who is the rug-hooker who created the figure of ‘Morwenna – the Balmaiden’. Her apron gives the names, ages and occupations of some Balmaidens for whom we know some details.

Martha Buckingham, 14 yrs old, on May 1st – Griddling. Mary Johns, 14 yrs, ) months old on March23rd – Picking. Jane Uren, 16 yrs old – Cobbling. Grace Bowden, 17 yrs old, 9 months.

Ollie Pickford is next in line, showing her depiction of one of the Land Girls who worked on the farms during both World Wars. Her apron says, ‘Join the Women’s Land Army’. The Land Army was founded in 1917, then reformed in 1939, and the work of this army contributed to the survival of families and farmers during the wars. There were 80,000 girls/women enrolled by 1944. Their song was:

Back to the land We must all lend a hand To the farms and the fields we must go There’s a job to be done Though we can’t fire a gun We can still do our bit with the hoe. Back to the land With its clay and its sand You grow barley and wheat And potatoes to eat To make sure that the nation keeps fit. We will tell you once more You can help win the war.

Diane Cox, who chairs Mesdames Myrtles, is next with her rug of a woman who, though not working ‘outside the home’, was still working long hard hours every day. Her apron reads:

Wash on Monday Iron on Tuesday Mend on Wednesday Churn on Thursday Clean on Friday Bake on Saturday Rest on Sunday.

I very much doubt that there was much rest on Sunday – there is no mention of raising the children, gardening, feeding the animals (if she churns on Thursday, there must be a cow to be milked).

Next we have Rachel Redwood with her illustration of Rachel Anne Richards, who joined Queen Alexandra’s Royal Nursing Corps on November 13th, 1919. She grew up in Newlyn and trained as a midwife.

Last in the line is Sue Tregear. She chose to focus on Betsy Lanyon of Newlyn and Penzance. Betsy was a fishwife, responsible for the gutting, cleaning and salting of fish, carrying heavy baskets in all weathers, thus being an integral and vital part of the fishing industry and economy of the region.

These rugs not only showcase a craft practiced for centuries, but pay homage to the lives of women who have sustained their families , and contributed to the society and culture of this county. They did not win medals for their work, they did not make it into national history books, but deserve respect and recognition for the part they played in our history. The Hypatia Trust would like to thank Mesdames Myrtles for their whole hearted interest in this project ,and their creative and inspiring way of illustrating and highlighting these women, by using this ancient craft of rug-hooking.

Thank you, Mesdames Myrtles! Proper job!

Visitors from Japan

A visit from Japan (Left to right): Polly Attwood, Emi Nishiyama, Melissa Hardie, Mrsrko Hioki, Etsuko Yasukawa, Masako Hioki and Toshiro Sato.
A visit from Japan (Left to right): Polly Attwood, Emi Nishiyama, Melissa Hardie, Mrsrko Hioki, Etsuko Yasukawa, Masako Hioki and Toshiro Sato.

On February 13th, Hypatia was visited by five members of the Tokai Foundation for Gender Studies, from Japan. They are in the process of setting up a Gender Studies Library for their Foundation, and were touring Britain to get a sense of what was happening in similar organizations here. They visited the Women's Library at the LSE and the Feminist Library in London, before travelling to Exeter to view the University Library there (which includes the collection given to them by Hypatia), and then - not without difficulty - continued on to Penzance by train and bus. We showed them our current collections, and had a long and lively talk, comparing notes on the situation of women both here and in Japan, and discussing their hopes and aspirations for their new facility, the difficulty of fundraising, our current activities, and ways in which we might help each other in the future.

They are an inspiring group of people, and there seem to be several opportunities for us to work with them in the future. We finished up with lunch at the Lost & Found Cafe, and then said goodbye to our new friends as we saw them back to the train on their way back to London. What a hope-filled thing it is to hear of others engaged in the same work as us!

We wish them all the best for their trip back to Japan, and their work in forming a new library.

Silent Auction & Founder's dinner

Thanks to all who came to the Silent Auction and Founder's Day dinner last week. It was a great success, and everyone seemed to be having a good time. Thanks to all who donated items for the auction - we made nearly seven hundred pounds, money that will go to the establishment of the Hypatia Art Archive here at Trevelyan House. At the dinner that followed the auction, a toast was drunk to the success of the evening and the formation of the Art archive, Jo Schofield astonished those present with her Native American calls, and Polly read her 'Thanksgiving doggerel' on the activities of the past year.

We at Hypatia wish all our friends and supporters a joyous holiday season, and a happy 2014.

Hypatia-in-the-Woods update



Dear Members, Friends and Supporters, It's been a season of change for Hypatia-in-the-Woods. We are all still adjusting to the death of our founder, but we continue to find our way and have had a packed year of the most amazing Holly House residents: visual and tactile artists, poets, and writers of fiction and nonfiction. A number of our residents have shared their talents with readings in various venues and with workshops at the Shelton Timberland Library, from basket weaving to contemplative writing, and we thank Pat Chupa and the library staff for coordinating those activities. One of our earliest residents, Christine Finlayson, wrote to celebrate the publication of her book Tip of a Bone, released last month by Adventure Publications, available as a trade paperback at bookstores and as an e-book online. She will do a workshop or craft talk for us early next year; stay tuned. While Elspeth's property is up for sale, and the Holly House property may have to be sold as well, we are continuing our residency program and will soon be assigning dates to the first recipients of 2014 residencies.

ELEGANT EVERGREENS, OUR ANNUAL FUND-RAISER With the approach of the holidays, we will once again embark on a fund-raiser in conjunction with Lynch Creek Farm, a local firm that produces beautiful evergreen decorations. There are wreaths and centerpieces designed to help you decorate for Thanksgiving, Hanukkah, the Winter Solstice, Christmas and New Year's; all these products are shipped free and make lovely gifts. We get a generous 20 percent of each order made on the FlipGive/Lynch Creek Farm website, and there's also a donation button. It's at —and you are welcome to share this site with others looking for a way to simplify their holiday shopping or decorating.

STAY WITH US! RENEW YOUR MEMBERSHIP ... If the holidays approach, can the new year be far behind? The end of 2013 is the right time to renew your annual membership in Hypatia-in-the-Woods ($25 to P.O. Box 58, Shelton WA 98584). We look forward to hearing from you, and thank you in advance for your interest and support.

GRANT WILL HELP WITH THE POPE PRESS PROJECT We are happy to announce that Hypatia will receive a Freas Foundation grant of $4,500 which will enable us to participate in the setup of a wonderful endeavor. J. Hukee, a young letterpress artist and a friend of Elspeth's, is setting up Elspeth's printing equipment in a studio in downtown Olympia where she will offer studio access, letterpress printing instruction (including workshops for Hypatia) and hand-printed cards and broadsides. Pope Press Olympia Letterpress and Book Arts will open its doors soon at 607 Fifth Avenue SE. We anticipate offering residencies in letterpress printing as a part of this project.

POETRY TRAIL HAS A NEW HOME The Jeanne Lohmann Poetry Trail, which was located on Elspeth's property, has been moved in anticipation of the eventual sale of her property. Its new home is on the award-winning, wooded grounds at Providence St. Peter Hospital in Olympia.

AND BEARS NEED NEW HOMES TOO One of Elspeth's projects for Hypatia was the knitting of outfits for stuffed bears of all sizes. Many of them have already found new homes, but there are more just looking for someone to love them. If you would like to adopt a bear as a reminder of Elspeth and her commitment to this resource organization for women in the arts, please contact Colleen Keoski by email at or via Hypatia's mail at P.O. Box 58, Shelton, WA 98584.

friend on Facebook | forward to a friend Copyright © 2013 Hypatia-in-the-Woods, All rights reserved. We send news of events and what is happening at Hypatia-in-the-Wood to members, volunteers, residents - past, current and future - and others who requested. Our mailing address is: Hypatia-in-the-Woods PO Box 58 Shelton, WA 98584

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Kernow Fest


Hypatia had a wonderful day on May 26th at the KernowFest, held at Heartlands. Our presentation was on 'Wise Women' through the ages, showing how women have been the repository of Health care, herbal remedies and treatment. Using natural herbal treatments, as well as charms and traditional cures, they were very often the place that people went to in times of illness. The woman of the house would be in charge of any 'doctoring' that went on, and would be responsible for her family, any servants and tenants who needed treatment. Many of these old remedies and treatments were handed down from mother to daughter over the ages, and some can still be heard today in what we think of as old fashioned sayings.

The workshop attracted about 120 people through during the course of the day, and both children and adults seemed very happy to sample the herbs and activities, including writing charms with goose feather quills.

There was a lot of interest shown in the concept of the old remedies,and their upsurge today as people return to more natural and organic remedies,rather than using chemical substitutes. Thank you, everyone, for coming to seek out knowledge of this significant aspect of the history of women.

Bronte Society Scholarship

Ann Branwell
Ann Branwell

Melissa Hardie has been chosen to take up the Daphne Carrick Memorial Scholarship 2012, presented every three years by the Bronte Society of Haworth, Yorkshire. The purpose of the award is to explore and extend knowledge about the lives and writings of the Bronte family of creative people. The aim of Dr Hardie’s study will be to assess, for the first time, the significance of the Cornish-related material gathered and discovered over many years by a number of local investigators and historians about the maternal relatives of the Brontes, and in particular the Branwell and Carne families of Penzance.

The mother and aunt of the Bronte children, namely Maria and Elizabeth, both emigrated from Penzance to Yorkshire in the early 1800s and were to spend the rest of their lives in that moorland environment. Though generally overlooked, except in outline, the dominant cultural circle of Cornish-connected people, with their memories and stories, around the family in Yorkshire, and the strong breath of Cornish-related Methodism are among the topics that she will explore.

Melissa Hardie-Budden MBE

Melissa Hardie-Budden MBE
Melissa Hardie-Budden MBE

Congratulations and good wishes have poured through the doors of the Jamieson Library and Trevelyan House, Penzance, at the announcement in the New Year's Honours List, of an award of MBE (Membership) for our former Director, who retired in November from her front-line post with the Hypatia Trust.

Melissa Hardie-Budden has been given the award in thanks for her 'services to Heritage and the Arts in West Cornwall.' Her intentions, of course, are not to 'slope off' to warmer, drier climes, though tempted!, but to explore some of the threads of thought revealed in the books she has so lovingly collected and nurtured. Melissa will continue to serve as Chairwoman of the Hypatia Trustees and participate in the work of sharing our Collections. Not especially good at sitting down (except at the desk), she will also continue as an ambassadress for the Trust and its missions.

'The Hand On'….to the Next Generation

Thanksgiving2012a The Hypatia Trust held its annual Thanksgiving Day celebration on Thursday 22nd November 2012 at The Lime Tree Cafe at Tremenheere Sculpture Gardens.

Forty-five lively people filled the room despite the dreadful weather outside.

At the dinner, we welcomed

  • Polly Attwood, our new Director
  • Dr Tehmina Goskar, our new Elizabeth Treffry Curator
  • Joanne Schofield, our new Events Organiser.

.......and raised a toast to 'new beginnings'.

You can read more about Tehmina and Joanne by clicking here and more about Polly.

Melissa will remain a Trustee after this 'hand on' & hopefully have a little more free time [wish-full thinking].

HeritageLotteryLogoWe were also delighted to announce that the Hypatia Trust has been awarded a £10,000 grant from the Heritage Lottery Fund.

For details about the grant and the project click here.

The evening finished with a raffle of pottery, donated by local ceramist Debbie Prosser. Debbie couldn't attend so she donated a number of bowls and mugs for the raffle. The ceramics were displayed on a beautiful pashmina shawl donated by Ruth Simpson, which made another prize.

The raffle made £75 for the funds and we are very grateful to Debbie and Ruth.

Invitation to 'The Hand On' ….to the Next Generation 2012


The Hypatia Trust invites you to join us this Thanksgiving Day, Thursday 22nd November 2012 to welcome

  • Polly Attwood, our new Director-designate
  • Dr Tehmina Goskar, our new Elizabeth Treffry curator
  • Joanne Schofield, our new Events organiser.

.......and to raise a toast to 'new beginnings'.

Melissa will remain a Trustee after this 'hand on' & hopefully have a little more free time [wish-full thinking]

Miki and Justin Ashton
Miki and Justin Ashton

Miki and Justin Ashton of The Lime Tree Cafe at Tremenheere will be our hosts, and a variety of their finest dishes - both traditional and vegetarian - will be on offer.

Capacity at their beautiful restaurant is set at 40 on this occasion, so please book early to be sent a Menu for your individual choices.


A wonderful raffle will be the only possible extra. Please do come & help us celebrate!

Lime Tree
Lime Tree

Location: The Lime Tree at Tremenheere, Tremenheere Sculpture Garden, Gulval, Nr Penzance, Cornwall, TR20 8YL

Time: 7pm until 10pm

To book your place(s) and request a Menu, please ring Melissa at 01736 360549 or send an e-mail to, stating the number of tickets required. You may also send a card to Hypatia Trust, 16 Chapel Street, Penzance, TR18 4AW.

Be quick to ensure your presence! [Our spatial capacity is limited.]

Lost and Found Café and Gallery Now Open at Trevelyan House

The Lost and FoundOpen now at Trevelyan House's capacious ground-floor is the delightful Lost & Found Cafe and Gallery. Two childhood friends who have grown up to start their own creative business life together as well, are Holly Hearn and Jesse Dowse-Willoughby. With the help of many young friends and helpful family members they have once again transformed the beautiful reception rooms into welcoming spaces to display paintings, to show and sell vintage tableware and books, and serve breakfasts, light lunches, teas and coffees and delicious scones, cakes and other pastries.

It is open from 9am to 5pm six days a week (closed on Sunday) and also offers the venue for your celebrations, special events and club meetings by reservation in the evening. A friendly welcome awaits you (and delicious eats)!

Founders Day Celebrations 2010


‘Let them eat cake …..’


Something a little different this year (tailored for another year of recessionary spirit, because there is no bread……let them eat cake!). We are keeping going on a wing and a prayer as the hard times roll, and we hope you will approve and support our approach to celebrating!

And, we did make a DAY of it. These were the basic elements of it -

  • A BRING OR BUY CAKE SALE (or even bring & buy): Coffee, tea and mulled fruit juice was on offer all day from 11 am - 4 pm, and a delicious cake stall! More than 20 cakes, cupcakes and mince pies were on offer, and were sampled by all - still leaving a few for our next-day craft and teaching groups. Slightly more than £200 was gained for our housekeeping funds.

Thanks to everyone who contributed, including those who could not attend, but sent in donations anyway!

  • EVEN IN THIS PLACE: Book launch for our latest publication: The Rev John Horner signed more than 75 copies on the day, and gave a delightful introduction to a packed room of admirers.
  • ARTISTS IN CORNWALL ON-LINE: The launch of the new web-based archive, relating to the world the stories of painters, ceramists, sculptors and craftsmen who have worked from Cornwall.

Designed by Nick Harpley of Digital Peninsula Network, funded by George Bednar and developed by the Hypatia Trust for the benefit of the West Cornwall Art Archive.

You can access the new website by clicking here. Better still, if you are a Cornish artist or know one, please submit details at add new artist info.

Concord's African & Abolitionist History

Drinking Gourd logo

Visiting in late summer from the USA was Cornishwoman and Hypatia-member Polly Attwood (the granddaughter of a former Vicar of Sennen), to inform and up-date us on the remarkable Drinking Gourd Project. Visiting in late summer from the USA was Cornishwoman and Hypatia-member Polly Attwood (the granddaughter of a former Vicar of Sennen), to inform and up-date us on the remarkable Drinking Gourd Project. Directly due to her work with the Human Rights Council of Concord, Massachusetts, and her curatorship of the Hypatia Collection of the Writings of Minority Women, Polly's shared initiatives with the historic town of Concord, has resulted in the establishment of a newly-formed Concord-based nonprofit organisation. It focuses on raising awareness of Concord's African and Abolitionist history from the 17th to the 19th centuries. Their mission "is to shine a light on this history and make it even more accessible to residents and visitors in a way that will add a new layer to our understanding of our past and a deeper appreciation for the complexity of Concord and its role in creating a diverse America."

The project will be accomplished with educational programmes, maps and tours, story-telling sessions & oral history projects, commemorating early African and African-American home sites with stone benches, providing engraved headstones for unmarked graves of African Americans and Abolitionists, and working closely with schools, museums, town agencies and organisations to raise the necessary funds to provide the educational information and materials.

This is just the kind of model project for which Hypatia exists to support and with which to give and take inspiration. Congratulations Polly to you and all your Concord colleagues for working positively and constructively with history, heritage, appreciation and intelligence.

*The Drinking Gourd is another name for the Big and Little Dippers. The North Star pointed out by these constellations was a guiding light for travellers heading North to freedom on the Underground Railroad.